The Consorzio Tutela Roero was officially created in 2013. The region of Roero was named a DOC region in 1985 and a DOCG region in 2005 for its red wines, the Roero and Roero Riserva, its white Roero Arneis, and its sparkling Roero Arneis Spumante. Roero Arneis Riserva is approved as of 2017.
Logo: The logo is the modern version of the ancient emblem of the family Roero, a noble family who ruled this land in the Middle Ages; it was a red shield with three silver wheels on it. The ladybug is a symbol of good luck and is commonly found in our vineyards unpolluted.
Location: Roero is located in the northwest of Piedmont next to the city of Alba. The official winegrowing area runs from the north bank of Tanaro and runs along the river between the areas of Bra and Govone. There are 23 villages in Roero, with Canale being the largest. Roero is known for its distinctly sandy soils as it was once an ancient sea. Not all areas are deemed suitable for winemaking.
In 2014, Roero was named a Unesco World Heritage site.
MGA (Menzione Geografica Aggiuntiva): Vineyard designation map.
- Top 2/3 of the hill
- Minimum 10ha vineyard
- At least three producers must make wine on the hill
- Vineyard area must be at least 50% Nebbiolo and/or Arneis
The goal is to demonstrate that Roero has a long historical production, starting a very long time ago. Records of the production of Arneis date back to 1400, so even earlier than Nebbiolo. The Roero is one of the few regions in the world able to create a map of quality vineyards.
Copies of the map are available by request or on winesofroero.com/mga
Vineyard Area: 1,194.58 ha total (2017, V)
- Arneis: Average 1,000ha
- Nebbiolo: 194.58ha
Production: 47,530 hl (total 2012); avg. 423,900 cases bottled annually (2015, V)
Soils: An ancient sea, called the Golfo Padano, once covered the area of Roero in its entirety. As a result, many fossilized marine creatures and large amounts of sediment are still found in the soils. The soils are primarily sand with limestone mixed in, in certain areas, and/or clay.
Climate: Roero has a cold and temperate climate with harsh, cold winters filled with snow and an unpredictable spring and autumn, which can be very wet. Summer is hot, but can be humid.
History: Traditionally, Roero was better known for its agriculture of fruits and the truffles of Alba than it was for its wines. However, evidence of wine production in this area date as far back as the BC era. Focus on quality and promoting the quality wines of Roero, Arneis and Nebbiolo, truly started in the 1980’s and has grown considerably since then with modern wine technologies taking hold in the early 2000’a.
Roero received its name from the noble family, Roero, who ruled the area during the Middle Ages. On each hill in Roero, there is still a castle.
Nebbiolo from Roero: Notes of spice, sour cherries, forest fruit. The wines are characteristically elegant and refined in the nose and on the palate.
Arneis from Roero: Notes of citrus, stone fruits, and minerality. Best examples can age and develop nutty character with some age.
Roero DOCG: Min 95% Nebbiolo, aged min 20 months with 6 months in barrel, min 12.5% abv. (Note: The 5% of additional grapes must be from the same vineyard. For example, if a few plantings of Barbera are in an old vineyard, producers are allowed to vinify the grapes together. Addition of grapes outside of this is not permitted and Nebbiolo must be 100%.)
Roero Riserva DOCG: 100% Nebbiolo, aged min 32 months with 6 months in barrel, min 12.5%abv.
Roero Arneis DOCG: 95% min Arneis, min 11% abv. (Note: The 5% of additional grapes must be from the same vineyard. For example, if a few plantings of Favorita are in an old vineyard, producers are allowed to vinify the grapes together. Addition of grapes outside of this is not permitted and Nebbiolo must be 100%.)
Roero Arneis Spumante DOCG: 95% min Arneis, can be made at any sweetness level, min 11.5% abv. (Same percentage rules as Roero Arneis DOCG)
Roero Arneis Riserva DOCG: 100% Arneis, must be aged for 16 months before bottling.
Traditional Foods of Roero:
- Carne cruda
- Sliced veal with tuna sauce
- “Bagna Caoda” (vegetables dressed with a sauce of olive oil, garlic and anchovies)
- Veal tongue in green sauce
Key Talking points:
- Roero is a great value of Nebbiolo – quality wines at a great price point.
- The Roero DOCG is known for its elegance and approachability even after a few years of aging making it more accessible for all drinkers, particularly those who do not have the capacity to hold a wine for aging for 15+ years.
- Roero is the birthplace of Arneis and thus it can be claimed that its production there is the truest expression of the grape.
- Roero Arneis is more mineral and expressive than examples from Langhe or other areas of the world due to the sandy soils with high marine fossil content. Arneis is mild in acidity, but the soils add complexity and minerality.
- Roero is its own DOCG and does not try to be like any others despite having similar grapes to its neighbors
- Production of Roero Arneis dates back many years, but the first wineries to focus on its quality production began long before the DOCG, most often stated in the 1960’s.
Instagram: WinesofRoero; ConsorzioRoero